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AJHP Style Guide : In-Text Citations


Numbering: Number your in-text citations in the order in which they appear, using superscript Arabic numbers.

Citing the same source more than once: If you cite a source a second time, it keeps the number you originally gave it.

References list: Your reference list at the end of your paper will list your citations in the order that you numbered them in your paper.

In-Text Citations

Whenever you use information, ideas, or images that are not your own, you must give the original author(s) credit within the body of your paper and in your References. Each citation style has a different approach for formatting your In-Text citations and your References List.

You will quote information within your paper differently depending on how you compose your sentence. Here are a few examples on how to write in-text citations:

Direct quote: "A PGY-1 or site-specific residency should be a minimal requirement for an academic appointment as an adjunct clinical faculty member or preceptor at schools or colleges of pharmacy."1

Paraphrase (Example 1): In 2007, the ASHP House of Delegates established a goal that all new graduate pharmacists participating in direct patient care should complete a residency.1

Paraphrase (Example 2): As Bush1 and Ivey and Farber2 have pointed out, there is no better way to do this than through residency training.

Examples from:  Kent SS. Closing the residency gap. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2011; 68:1293-4.


(See tabs on the guide for examples of how format references)

Excerpt from:  Kent SS. Closing the residency gap. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2011; 68:1293-4.