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MLA Style Guide, 9th Edition

How to Cite an Electronic Journal Article

References to electronic articles from a scholarly journal must include the following elements if given:

Author Last name, First. “Article Title.” Name of Journal, vol. number, issue number, Month or Season Year, start page – end page if given, Name of Database, URL or DOI (preferred).

Check with your professor to make sure that including the URL/DOI is preferred.

The volume number and issue number are preceded by vol. and no., respectively. Page numbers in the works-cited list are preceded by p. or pp.

Example 1:

How to Cite an Electronic Magazine Article

References to electronic magazine articles must include the following elements if given:

Author Last name, First. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, vol. #, no. #, Day Month Year, pages. Database, URL (if your instructor prefers URLs to be included, omit the leading http(s)://).

*Note: include any articles (A, An, The) at the beginning of a magazine's title. Page numbers in the works-cited list are preceded by p. or pp.

How to Cite an Electronic Newspaper Article

Cite an electronic newspaper article following the same format as with magazine articles:

Author Last name, First. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, page(s). Database, URL.

* Remember to check your instructor's preferences for including or omitting the location URL.

However, note that newspaper page numbers may look different from  magazine page numbers; they will typically include both a number and letter. If the newspaper has multiple editions in the same day, i.e., an early and a late edition, include that information directly after the date of publication. Some electronic newspaper articles will not have page numbers.