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APA 6 Style Guide

Reference Lists

Reference List Format
The reference list at the end of a paper provides the information needed to locate and retrieve the source documents cited in the paper.

General Notes on Reference Lists:

  • Include only sources that were used in the preparation of the paper.
  • Arrange entries in alphabetical order by last name of author.
  • Use a hanging indent: the first line is at the left margin; subsequent lines are indented five spaces.
  • Double space all entries.
  • No extra space needed between entries; the hanging indents indicate the separate citations.
  • Space once after all punctuation.
  • Use only the initials of the authors' first and middle names.
  • List all authors in reverse order: last name, first and middle initials.
  • If two or more authors are listed, use an ampersand (&) in front of the last author.
  • List up to seven authors; if there are more than seven authors, list the first six followed by an ellipsis, then the last author.
  • Use commas after authors' names and before an ampersand.
  • If no author is given, start with the title and then the date. Incorporate these into the list in proper alphabetical order, ignoring initial articles.
  • Capitalize only the first words of book or article titles and subtitles; capitalize all important words in the name of a journal.
  • Italicize the names of books and periodicals.

Reference List Citation Example (Journal Article)

APA  Reference list citation for journal article