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Turabian's Parenthetical / Reference List Style Guide

Turabian Parenthetical / Reference List Style

Welcome! Use this online Turabian Style Guide to locate quick answers for frequently asked questions about the parenthetical / reference list format of the Turabian citation style like...

  • What is a parenthetical citation, and how do I format it?
  • How do I cite books? What about e-books?
  • How do I cite a journal article? Does it matter if it's a PDF or if I got it in hard copy?
  • What if there are multiple authors? What if there is NO author listed?
  • How do I cite a website?

...and much more! 

Turabian Manual

Explore the Turabian Quick Guide from Univeristy of Chicago Press


Find the Turabian Manual for Writers here in the library! We have a copy in the Reference section (main level) and one on the second level that you can check out, if available.

Chicago vs. Turabian

What is the difference between Chicago and Turabian?

The primary difference is that Turabian is shorter and contains fewer instructions, and that it does not contain information about publication. The Chicago Manual of Style is designed for professionals in the field who are publishing, and has a great deal of instruction on formatting and many other things. Turabian is a pared-down version designed for students writing research papers.

Which should I use?

You should always talk to your professor, but for the most part, all of the guidelines that you find in Turabian help pages will also apply to Chicago style.

Looking for Chicago Style Citation help specifically?  Try these citation guides.

Need Turabian's Notes / Bibliography Style?

If you are required to use Turabian's notes / bibliograpy format note that there are differences in approach and format.  The two styles should not be mixed! Here are some great research guides to help navigate the notes / bibliography format of Turabian: