Below are examples of various other sources you may need to cite. If you do not see an example for the source you are looking at anywhere on this guide, please feel free to reach out to a librarian. We would love to help!
Format: Name of Group or Author, A. A. (date). Title of report (Publication No.). Publisher Name. URL or DOI
National Cancer Institute. (2018). Facing forward: Life after cancer treatment (NIH Publication No. 18-2424). U.S. Department
of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.cancer.gov/publications/patient-education/life-
Dissertation or Thesis from a Database
Format: Author, A. A. (date). Title (Publication No.) [Doctoral dissertation, degree conferring school]. Database.
Williams, J. E. (2002). The relative validity of eight computer-based interpretations for the MMPI-2 (Publication No.
3069128) [Doctoral dissertation, The University of Mississippi]. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global.
Format: Author, A. A. (Director). (Date). Title [type of media]. Production Company.
Foreman, M. (Director). (1975). One flew over the cuckoo's nest [Film]. United Artists.
Note: For audiovisual materials, the author is determined by the material type.
|Media Type||Include as the author|
|TV series||Executive producer(s)|
|TV series episode||Writer and director of episode|
|Podcast||Host or executive producer|
|Podcast episode||Host of episode|
|Classical music album or song||Composer|
|Modern music album or song||Recording artist|
|Online streaming video||Person or group who uploaded the video|
YouTube Video or Other Streaming Video
Format: Name of Group or Author, A. A. [Username]. (date of upload). Title [type of media]. Site. URL
Andrews, C. (2013, November 20). How to make a pecan pie from scratch [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com
Fogarty, M. [Grammar Girl]. (2016, September 30). How to diagram a sentence (absolute basics) [Video]. YouTube.
Note: If both an author's username and real name are known, provide the real name of the individual or group, followed by the username in square brackets.
Format: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date). Title (ED number). Database. URL
Jacobs, G. M., & Ng, M. (1997). Cooperative learning in the thinking classroom: Research and theoretical
perspectives (ED574147). ERIC. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED574147.pdf
Note: This citation is for ERIC documents, which are reports, studies, and other educational papers which have not been formally published by a journal. Published journal articles from ERIC should follow the format in the Journals tab. You can find ERIC documents in the library's ERIC database (you will need to click through to the ERIC website for the full text) or on the free ERIC website (https://www.eric.ed.gov/).
U.S. Supreme Court Case
Format: Name v. Name, Volume U.S Page (Year). URL
Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954). https://www.oyez.org/cases/1940-1955/347us483
Format: Title of testimony, xxx Cong. (Year) (testimony of Testifier Name). URL
Federal real property reform: How cutting the red tape and better management could achieve billions in savings, U.S. Senate
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, 114th Cong. (2016) (testimony of Norman Dong).
Classroom or Intranet Resources
Recorded Lecture or PowerPoint
Format: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date). Title [Format]. Name of Classroom Website. Homepage URL of the classroom website
Mack, R., & Spake, G. (2018). Citing open source images and formatting references for presentations [PowerPoint slides].
Internal Document from Company Intranet
Format: Name of Group or Author, A. A. (Date). Title. Homepage URL of the intranet
American Psychological Association. (2019). Policies & procedures manual. https://apa750.sharepoint.com