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APA Style Guide

Other Sources

Below are examples of various other sources you may need to cite. If you do not see an example for the source you are looking at anywhere on this guide, please feel free to reach out to a librarian. We would love to help!

Government Report

Format: Name of Group or Author, A. A. (date). Title of report (Publication No.). Publisher Name. URL or DOI 

National Cancer Institute. (2018). Facing forward: Life after cancer treatment (NIH Publication No. 18-2424). U.S. Department
     of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health.

Dissertation or Thesis from a Database

Format: Author, A. A. (date). Title (Publication No.) [Doctoral dissertation, degree conferring school]. Database.

Williams, J. E. (2002). The relative validity of eight computer-based interpretations for the MMPI-2 (Publication No.

         3069128) [Doctoral dissertation, The University of Mississippi]. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global.

Audiovisual Materials


Format: Author, A. A. (Director). (Date). Title [type of media]. Production Company.

Foreman, M. (Director). (1975). One flew over the cuckoo's nest [Film]. United Artists.


Note: For audiovisual materials, the author is determined by the material type. 

Media Type Include as the author
Film Director
TV series Executive producer(s)
TV series episode Writer and director of episode
Podcast Host or executive producer
Podcast episode Host of episode
Webinar Instructor
Classical music album or song Composer
Modern music album or song Recording artist
Artwork Artist
Online streaming video Person or group who uploaded the video
Photograph Photographer

YouTube Video or Other Streaming Video

Format: Name of Group or Author, A. A. [Username]. (date of upload). Title [type of media]. Site. URL

Andrews, C. (2013, November 20). How to make a pecan pie from scratch [Video]. YouTube.

Fogarty, M. [Grammar Girl]. (2016, September 30). How to diagram a sentence (absolute basics) [Video]. YouTube.


Note: If both an author's username and real name are known, provide the real name of the individual or group, followed by the username in square brackets. 

ERIC Documents

Format: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date). Title (ED number). Database. URL

Jacobs, G. M., & Ng, M. (1997). Cooperative learning in the thinking classroom: Research and theoretical


Note: This citation is for ERIC documents, which are reports, studies, and other educational papers which have not been formally published by a journal. Published journal articles from ERIC should follow the format in the Journals tab. You can find ERIC documents in the library's ERIC database (you will need to click through to the ERIC website for the full text) or on the free ERIC website (

Legal Citations 

U.S. Supreme Court Case

Format: Name v. Name, Volume U.S Page (Year). URL 

Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954). 

Federal Testimony 

Format: Title of testimony, xxx Cong. (Year) (testimony of Testifier Name). URL 

Federal real property reform: How cutting the red tape and better management could achieve billions in savings, U.S. Senate
          Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, 114th Cong. (2016) (testimony of Norman Dong). 


Classroom or Intranet Resources 

Recorded Lecture or PowerPoint 

Format: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date). Title [Format]. Name of Classroom Website. Homepage URL of the classroom website 

Mack, R., & Spake, G. (2018). Citing open source images and formatting references for presentations [PowerPoint slides]. 

Internal Document from Company Intranet 

Format: Name of Group or Author, A. A. (Date). Title. Homepage URL of the intranet 

American Psychological Association. (2019). Policies & procedures manual.