Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

EN200 : Library Research Assignment: Understanding Citations

Ask a Librarian

question mark

Your research librarians are here to help!
410.617.6801
askemail@loyola.edu

Chat requires JavaScript.

How Citations Can Help

Once you find one or two good sources, use their bibliographies or reference lists to find other relevant works.

To find one of these items in our library collection, you'll need to know if you're looking for a book, a journal article, or a chapter in a book.

If you understand how to read a citation, you'll have no trouble distinguishing among these three types of sources.

View examples of citations for journal articles, books and book chapters below:

How to Cite an Electronic Journal Article

References to electronic articles from a scholarly journal must include the following elements if given:

Author Last name, First. “Article Title.” Name of Journal, vol. number, issue number, Month or Season Year, start page – end page if give, Name of Database, URL or DOI (preferred).

Note: Volume number and issue number are now preceded by vol. and no., respectively. Page numbers in the works-cited list are now preceded by p. or pp.

Example 1:

MLA style citation for an online journal article with a doi

Example 2:

MLA style citation for an online journal article without a doi

 

Note: Citations are single-spaced here, but be sure to double-space your Works Cited page.

How to Cite a Book (entire book)

References to books usually include the following elements:

Author, First, and Second Author. Title of Book Italicized with All Important Words Capitalized. Edition abbreviated if appropriate, Publisher, Date. NOTE:  The place of publication is not generally included; medium is no longer included.

MLA style book citation

Note: Citations are single-spaced here, but be sure to double-space your Works Cited page.

How to Cite a Book (chapter)

*Be aware that many books are collections of essays written by several different people and edited by one author.

References to individual chapters or essays found in a book usually include the following elements:

Essay/chapter Author, last name first. "Essay or Chapter Title." Book Title,  editor(s) or compiler(s), publisher, date of publication, start page – end page of chapter or essay.  NOTE: Ed. has been replaced with edited by; page numbers in the works-cited list are now preceded by p. or pp.

Note: Citations are single-spaced here, but be sure to double-space your Works Cited page.

How to Cite an Ebook

References to ebooks include the following information:

Author(s). Title of book. Publisher, Publication Year. Database*. Date Accessed (optional)**.

*If you are in Seeker, the Database name is located in the ebook's record, below the abstract and publisher/permissions field. If you are in the Catalog, use LNDL Catalog as the Database name in your citation.

**Always check with your professor about whether or not they require Date Accessed.